Basic Petroleum Geology - BG Virtual

DISCIPLINE: Geology
 
LEVEL: Basic
 

DURATION: Approximately 40 hours self-paced work

This workshop will be delivered virtually through PetroAcademy™ providing participants with the knowledge they need at their convenience. PetroAcademy™ FAQ

ABOUT THE COURSE: This course is designed to introduce anyone to the basic concepts of Petroleum Geology. An important goal of the course is to explain the vocabulary and context of Petroleum Geology so that participants can learn and understand the role of the Geologist in the overall process of Petroleum Exploration and Production, for both Conventional and Unconventional Resources. The course is supplemented by a large number of case histories and examples that concretely illustrate the concepts and principles presented in the course material.

This program is comprised of the following PetroAcademy™ Skill Modules™. Each module ranges from 3-5 hours of self-paced or virtual instructor-led activities.

DESIGNED FOR: Petroleum industry personnel in need of basic geological training, including engineering, geophysical, technical support, and administrative personnel.

TUITION: $4,420 USD

Available On-Demand*          Enroll   

 

COURSE STRUCTURE

  • Basic Petroleum Geology - Introduction
  • Foundation Geological Concepts
  • Sedimentary Geology - Depositional Controls for Carbonate Reservoir Rocks
  • Sedimentary Geology - Depositional Controls for Clastic Reservoir Rocks
  • Petroleum System - Overview and Source
  • Petroleum System - Reservoir and Seal
  • Petroleum System - Trap and Timing
  • Petroleum System - Example
  • Phases of Conventional Exploration and Development
  • Tools and Techniques
  • Unconventional Petroleum Resources

This introductory skill module is an overview of Petroleum Geology and the Petroleum System Concept. The purpose is to familiarize learners with basic aspects of Petroleum Geology and the role of the Petroleum Geologist in the overall process of Petroleum Exploration and Production, for both Conventional and Unconventinoal Resources.

 

DESIGNED FOR: petroleum industry personnel in need of basic geological training, including engineering, geophysical, technical support, and administrative personnel.

 

YOU WILL LEARN:

  • The main elements and processes that comprise the petroleum system
  • The basics of reservoir fluids - oil, gas, and water
  • The phases and stages of exploration, field development, and production for conventional oil and gas fields
  • The main phases of the exploration and development process for unconventional resources
  • Key technological developments in the history of the oil and gas industry and their impact on petroleum geology

DURATION: approx. 4 hours

 

This skill module provides an introduction to basic geological concepts that form the foundation for petroleum geology. There are three sections:

 

1. The Rock Cycle, focusing on the rocks and minerals that comprise the Earth's crust

2. Geological Time and Stratigraphy

3. Plate Tectonics and Sedimentary Basin Evolution


Knowledge of these basic geologic concepts is crucial preparation for understanding petroleum geology in the overall process of petroleum exploration and production for both conventional and unconventional resources.

 

 

DESIGNED FOR geoscientists, engineers, team leaders, geoscience technicians, asset managers, and anyone involved in Petroleum Exploration and Production who needs to understand Petroleum Geology concepts at a basic level or to communicate with others about them.

 

 

YOU WILL LEARN:

  • The Rock Cycle, including the three kinds of rocks and how they form
  • How to differentiate between a mineral and a rock, and how to distinguish one mineral from another based on physical properties
  • Key concepts of geological time and the difference between relative and radiometric geological time
  • Stratigraphic principles and the difference between lithostratigraphy and chronostratigraphy
  • How sequence stratigraphic analysis aids in the characterization of petroleum systems
  • Key concepts of plate tectonics, including seafloor spreading and plate margin types
  • The main types of sedimentary basins and their evolution in the context of plate tectonics

DURATION: approx. 4 hours

 

The basic concepts of Sedimentary Geology, including depositional controls for sedimentary rocks, form an essential part of the foundation for Petroleum Geology. Reservoir Rock is one of the essential elements of a Petroleum System, and because Reservoir Rock quality and thickness attributes are often closely tied to depositional origin, Geologists need to understand the main depositional controls and be knowledgeable of key depositional environments in order to properly characterize Reservoir Rocks and predict their distribution. This skill module introduces depositional controls and the main depositional environments for Carbonate Reservoir Rocks. Important post-depositional diagenetic processes affecting Carbonate Reservoir Rock quality are also introduced.

 

 

DESIGNED FOR Geoscientists, engineers, team leaders, geoscience technicians, asset managers, and anyone involved in Petroleum Exploration and Production who needs to understand Petroleum Geology concepts at a basic level or to communicate with others about it.

 

 

YOU WILL LEARN:

  • The main depositional controls for carbonate (e.g., limestone) reservoir rock distribution and how they differ from clastics (e.g., sandstone)
  • Classification system for carbonate rocks
  • To describe the models for key depositional environments of carbonate sediments
  • To distinguish the textural characteristics of carbonate deposits in different settings and describe the implications for reservoir quality and trends
  • The main diagenetic processes affecting carbonate rocks and their impact on reservoir quality

DURATION: approx. 5 hours

 

The basic concepts of Sedimentary Geology, including depositional controls for sedimentary rocks, form an essential part of the foundation for Petroleum Geology. Reservoir Rock is one of the essential elements of a Petroleum System, and because Reservoir Rock quality and thickness attributes are often closely tied to depositional origin, Geologists need to understand the main depositional controls and be knowledgeable of key depositional environments in order to properly characterize Reservoir Rocks and predict their distribution. This skill module introduces depositional controls and the main depositional environments for Clastic Reservoir Rocks, a category that comprises mainly sandstone and conglomerate.

 


DESIGNED FOR Geoscientists, engineers, team leaders, geoscience technicians, asset managers, and anyone involved in Petroleum Exploration and Production who needs to understand Petroleum Geology concepts at a basic level or to communicate with others about it.

 


YOU WILL LEARN:

  • The main depositional controls for clastic (e.g., sandstone) reservoir rock distribution
  • Categories and classification systems for clastic rocks
  • To describe the models for key depositional environments of clastic rocks, including onshore river and desert settings, marginal marine beach and delta settings, and deep water submarine fan settings
  • To distinguish the grain size characteristics of clastic deposits in different settings and describe the implications for reservoir quality and trends

DURATION: approximately 4 hours

 

This skill module is presented in two parts. The first part provides an introduction and overview of the petroleum system concept. The essential elements and processes of a petroleum system are summarized, and the importance of their timing is emphasized and explained. The second part explains the basic concepts of source rock characteristics and quality, as well as the processes of source rock thermal maturation and hydrocarbon generation. The main depositional controls for both siliciclastic shale and carbonate source rocks are also introduced.

 


DESIGNED FOR Geoscientists, engineers, team leaders, geoscience technicians, asset managers, and anyone involved in Petroleum Exploration and Production who needs to understand Petroleum Geology concepts at a basic level or to communicate with others about it.

 

 

YOU WILL LEARN:

  • The basic elements and processes of the petroleum system concept
  • The characteristics of high-quality source rocks and the concepts to TOC% (Total Organic Carbon Content) and kerogen type
  • The differences between oil and gas source rocks
  • The different measures for source rock maturity and how these are used to define the hydrocarbon generation history of source rock units
  • The main depositional controls for clastic and carbonate source rocks and the importance of anoxic conditions for the accumulation of organic source rock material

 

DURATION: approximately 4 hours

 

This skill module is presented in two parts, focusing on two essential elements of the Petroleum System. The first part explains the basic concepts of reservoir rock characteristics and describes key depositional and post-depositional factors impacting reservoir quality. Clastic, carbonate, and naturally fractured reservoirs are introduced, including field examples. The second part explains the basic concepts of seal rock characteristics and quality. Different types of seals, including fault seals, are considered and depositional controls for examples of key seal lithologies are described.

 


DESIGNED FOR Geoscientists, engineers, team leaders, geoscience technicians, asset managers, and anyone involved in Petroleum Exploration and Production who needs to understand Petroleum Geology concepts at a basic level or to communicate with others about it.

 

 

YOU WILL LEARN:

 

  • The concepts of reservoir porosity and permeability
  • Controls on reservoir quality by texture
  • Post-depositional and diagenetic processes that affect Reservoir Quality
  • Classification systems for clastic and carbonate reservoir rocks
  • The concept of net pay
  • The different types of naturally fractured reservoirs and the concept of dual porosity systems
  • The concepts of seal rock characteristics and quality
  • The different types of fault seals, including juxtaposition and fault smear seals

DURATION: approx. 5 hours

 

This skill module is presented in two parts, focusing on two essential processes of the Petroleum System. The first part begins by covering basic concepts of structural geology and then explains the essential process of petroleum trap formation. Both structural and stratigraphic traps are described with field examples provided. The second part explains the essential process of hydrocarbon generation and migration, emphasizing the importance of the timing of the process relative to the timing of trap formation.

 

 


DESIGNED FOR geoscientists, engineers, team leaders, geoscience technicians, asset managers, and anyone involved in Petroleum Exploration and Production who needs to understand or communication with others about Petroleum Geology concepts at a basic level

 

 

 

YOU WILL LEARN TO:

 

  • Identify, describe, and understand the formation of key geological fold and fault structures
  • Describe principle stress configurations and the implications for the orientation of fractures and faults
  • Explain the concept of strike and dip for characterizing the orientation of geologic strata and structures
  • Explain the difference between structural and stratigraphic trap
  • Recognize uncertainties associated with fault trap
  • Describe the types of structural traps associated with extentional, compressional, and strike slip tectonic settings
  • Explain the meaning of timely maturation and migration and the concept of "critical moment" for a petroleum system

DURATION: approx. 3 hours

 

To reinforce the petroleum system concepts presented in other Basic Petroleum Geology – Petroleum System skill modules, this module describes examples of petroleum systems. The first part focuses on examples of Marine Basin Petroleum Systems, characterized by marine shale source rocks. The second part of the module provides an example of a Terrestrial Basin Petroleum System, characterized by a lake or lacustrine shale source rocks.

 

 


DESIGNED FOR geoscientists, engineers, team leaders, geoscience technicians, asset managers, and anyone involved in Petroleum Exploration and Production who needs to understand or communication with others about Petroleum Geology concepts at a basic level

 

 

 

YOU WILL LEARN TO:

  • Describe the North Sea Central Graben as an example of a vertically drained marine basin petroleum system
  • List elements of the North Sea Central Graben petroleum system, explain its timing, and define its critical moment
  • Describe the Ekofisk Field as an example of the North Sea Central Graben petroleum system
  • Describe the East Venezuela Basin as an example of a laterally drained marine basin petroleum system
  • Describe the Songliao Basin, NE China as an example of a terrestrial basin petroleum system
  • List elements of the Songliao Basin petroleum system, explain its timing, and define its critical moment
  • Describe the Daan Field as an example of the Songliao Basin petroleum system

DURATION: approximately 4 hours

 

This module explains the Exploration and Production (E&P) Cycle. In the first part of the module, a brief overview of the Exploration and Production (E&P) Cycle is given. In the second part of the module, the Exploration Phase of Conventional Projects is described, including the progression from regional basin studies to Exploration Play Concept development, the delineation of Exploration Leads, and the definition of drillable Prospects. The third part of the module describes the Conventional Field Development process, which consists of four Stages:


1) Discovery and Initial Appraisal of the accumulation

2) Full Appraisal

3) Primary Development of the field

4) Enhanced Recovery.

 

 


DESIGNED FOR geoscientists, engineers, team leaders, geoscience technicians, asset managers, and anyone involved in petroleum exploration and production who needs to understand or communicate with others about petroleum geology concepts at a basic level

 

 

YOU WILL LEARN HOW TO:

 

- Explain the concept of the Exploration and Production or E&P Cycle

 

- Understand the steps in the Exploration Process and the work done in each:

  • Play Concept Definition
  • Lead Identification
  • Prospect Definition

- Describe the four Stages of Conventional Field Development:

  • Discovery and Initial Appraisal
  • Full Appraisal
  • Primary Development
  • Enhanced Recovery

 

- Understand the concept of Reservoir Flow Units as the basis for a common industry technique of reservoir zonation

DURATION: approximately 5 hours

 

This module explains basic concepts of key tools and techniques used by geoscientists in the exploration and development of petroleum resources. Topics covered include seismic data, drilling and completions, and formation evaluation. The main points of horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing, which are widely used in the development of unconventional resource plays, are presented. Also covered in this module is the estimation of reserves and resources.

 

 


DESIGNED FOR petroleum industry personnel in need of basic geological training, including engineering, geophysical, technical support, and administrative personnel

 

 

YOU WILL LEARN:

  • The basic concepts of 2D and 3D Seismic Data and how it is used to investigate the subsurface
  • How seismic data is acquired, processed, and displayed for visualization and interpretation
  • How to identify various types of drilling rigs and key pieces of equipment used in drilling, including bits, and how they function
  • How to understand the main points of the drilling process, including the basics of horizontal and directional drilling
  • The basics of how a well is completed, including through hydraulic fracturing and other techniques of reservoir stimulation
  • How rock and hydrocarbon information is gathered during the drilling of a well through mudlogging, coring, wireline logging, and testing
  • Basic concepts of reserves and resource estimation
  • How to use the Volumetric Method to estimate Hydrocarbons in Place

DURATION: approx. 3 hours

 

 

The North America “Shale Revolution” has changed the industry. The geological aspects and characteristics of Unconventional Resource (UR) Plays are in many ways different from those of Conventional Resource Plays.

 

 

YOU WILL LEARN:

  • What is meant by an Unconventional Resource (UR), and how it differs from a Conventional Field
  • Geologic factors controlling productivity of UR plays
  • The importance of geomechanical factors, in particular Stress Field Orientation, relative to UR productivity
  • Key aspects of the process of Hydraulic Fracturing in Horizontal Wells for UR Development
  • What is meant by a “Shale Hybrid Play”
  • Two case studies are presented to illustrate and reinforce UR play concepts: Eagle Ford and Niobrara Shale Plays

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