Fundamentals of Refining Technology - RF-31

Discipline: Refining
Level: Basic
Instructors who teach this course:


Related courses
Refinery Gas Treating, Sour Water, Sulfur and Tail Gas - RF-61
Process Safety Engineering - PS-4
About the course Designed For You will learn Course Content
About the course
This basic course shows how any crude oil is converted to products based upon the demand for premium quality gasoline, diesel, lubes, and chemical feedstock. It is useful for those new to the refining business such as new hires of any discipline, transferees from other sectors of the petroleum, upstream, mid-stream, and chemical sectors. This course is excellent for experienced operators who want to understand the why as much as the how of refining. Basics of refining and its technology are stressed. Details of chemistry, process conditions, and materials are described where necessary to support the basics. The backbone of the course is to develop a refinery processing scheme through a series of simple, linked student-worked problems. This will show how a processing scheme to meet product qualities and volumes is developed.
Designed For
Personnel in the petroleum refining business and related activities.
You will learn
  • Sources of refinery feedstocks, crude or synthetic
  • Composition of the feeds, their characterization, desirable properties, and selection
  • How a refinery matches crude composition (assay) to product market demand by selection of process units
  • Fundamentals of individual refinery processes, engineering, materials, and construction challenges
  • Operational challenges
  • How to improve profitability by debottlenecking, yield improvement, and blending
  • How to evaluate alternative processing schemes and what makes a regional 'Pacesetter' refinery
Course Content
  • Refining climate, background and driving forces
  • Crude oil distillation processes: atmospheric and vacuum
  • Straight-run naphtha processing, treating, isomerisation and reforming for gasoline production
  • Distillate desulfurization for diesel and heating oil production
  • Light-ends recovery and treating of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) for gasoline blending and sales
  • Vacuum gas oil conversion, catalytic feed hydrotreater (CFHT), fluidized catalytic cracking (FCC) and hydrocracking
  • Light olefin streams recovery, treating and alkylation for gasoline
  • Residue processing, residue fluidized catalytic cracking (RFCC), ARVDS, VRDS, residue hydrocracking, delayed and continuous coking
  • Lube oil production
  • Aromatics recovery and re-arrangement to make benzene, toluene, ethyl-benzene and xylene (BTEX)
  • Product blending to make gasoline, diesel, heating oil, and fuel oil
  • Refining economics